How was Jesus the son of God?

Last time we saw that Jesus the Messiah (Christ) was prophesied to be a man, was born a man, died a man, was resurrected as a man, ascended to Yahweh’s throne as a man, is still a man, and will return at his second coming as a man. A very unique, perfect, sinless man, glorified and honoured by Yahweh, God our Father, above all others – but man nevertheless.
If Jesus is a man as the scriptures say, how can he be ‘son of God’?
Was there a specific moment in time when Jesus became Yahweh’s son – ‘son of God’?

Psalms 2:7 Lexham English Bible
I will tell the decree; Yahweh said to me: “You are my son; today I have begotten you.

Yahweh says ‘today’ I have ‘begotten’ you, the Hebrew word in Strong’s is No. 3205 and means ‘to bear, bring forth, beget, father’.

Was Mary told ahead of time how this would happen?

Luke 1:31-35 RSV
31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, 33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there will be no end.” 34 And Mary said to the angel, “How shall this be, since I have no husband?” 35 And the angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God.

Was Mary to ‘conceive in her womb’?

Verse 31 above.

Was this to be by ‘the power of the Most High’ – Yahweh God?

Verse 35 above.

Was this the very reason, ‘therefore’, that Jesus will be called ‘the son of God’?

Verse 35 above.

Was Jesus born like any other man, a human child?

Verse 35 above.

So we see that the primary and unique reason Jesus is ‘the son of God’ is because God miraculously conceived him in Mary’s womb, becoming his father in that process.

Was Adam also called ‘the son of God’, though not conceived by God in a woman’s womb, but created by God?

Luke 3:38 RSV
the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

There is also a secondary reason – that of ‘position’, or ‘agent’ of God, representing God with God’s authority in certain circumstances. This can be seen with others, and is therefore not unique.

Were the angels called ‘sons of God’?

Job 1:6 NJB
One day when the sons of God came to attend on Yahweh, among them came Satan

Job 38:7 RSV
when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Was Israel called ‘the son of God’?

Exodus 4:22-23 NJB
You will then say to Pharaoh, “This is what Yahweh says: Israel is my first-born son.
23  I told you: Let my son go and worship me; but since you refuse to let him go, well then! I shall put your first-born son to death

Ephraim was also called ‘son of God’.

Jeremiah 31:9 NRSV
With weeping they shall come, and with consolations I will lead them back, I will let them walk by brooks of water, in a straight path in which they shall not stumble; for I have become a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.

Jeremiah 31:20 NJB
Is Ephraim, then, so dear a son to me, a child so favoured, that whenever I mention him I remember him lovingly still? That is why I yearn for him, why I must take pity on him, Yahweh declares.

Was Solomon also called God’s son?

2 Samuel 7:14 RSV
I will be his father, and he shall be my son. When he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men;

1 Chronicles 28:6 RSV
He said to me, ‘It is Solomon your son who shall build my house and my courts, for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.

Are we not all called the children, or sons of God?

Romans 8:14 RSV
For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God.

Matthew 5:9 RSV
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.

1 John 3:1-2 RSV
1 See what love the Father has given us, that we should be called children of God; and so we are. The reason why the world does not know us is that it did not know him.
2Beloved, we are God’s children now; it does not yet appear what we shall be, but we know that when he appears we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.

Philippians 2:15 RSV
that you may be blameless and innocent, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world,

John 1:12 RSV
But to all who received him, who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God;

Galatians 3:26 RSV
for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith.

If we are true Christians with God’s spirit in us then we are God’s (Yahweh’s) children – not because we were physically conceived by God as Jesus was, but because of God’s spirit in us and our ‘position’ in Christ.

Was Jesus also declared to be ‘the son of God’ in power by his resurrection?

Romans 1:4 RSV
and designated Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,

Acts 13:33 RSV
this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus; as also it is written in the second psalm, ‘Thou art my Son, today I have begotten thee.

Hebrews 5:5 RSV
this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus; as also it is written in the second psalm, ‘Thou art my Son, today I have begotten thee.’

Please note that there were no capital letters in the original text ‘the Son of God’ and ‘Son’ are a choice of the translators.

Summary
We have seen that many are called sons of God in the scriptures – Adam who was created by God, angels also created by God, Solomon, Ephraim and the nation Israel because of their position as God’s agents with His authority in specific circumstances.
All true Christians are called sons or children of God, because of our position and relationship with Him.
However, Jesus is uniquely ‘the son of God’- conceived by Yahweh his Father in Mary’s womb, acting with God’s authority as His Messiah agent, and declared so with power by his resurrection.

Really knowing the true Messiah

Do we really know the true Messiah, Jesus the Christ, the son God? If we want to know the truth regarding who Jesus is, how and where can we discover this? Who will reveal it to us?

Matt 16: 15-17 NASB

‭‭‬‬“He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” And Jesus said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.”
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So if we earnestly desire to know the true Jesus then we can expect the Father to reveal him to us if we diligently search His scriptures and listen to what He tells us.
Last time we found that the priests and people of Jesus time did not expect a ‘suffering servant Messiah’ at his first coming, and had not understood that many of the scriptures had described this initial appearing. We also saw that he was ‘the lamb of God’ sacrificed to take away our sin, and that the ‘Passover Lamb’ was to be spotless and without blemish – Jesus never sinned, but died on the cross for our sins, so that we may be saved.

Does Peter confirm this?

1 Pet 1:18-19 NASB
“knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.”

1 Pet 3:18 NASB
“For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;”


‭‭Was the Father reconciling the world to Himself through Jesus sacrifice?
‬‬

2 Cor 5:18-19 NASB
“Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation, namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.”

‭‭Let us look at what the Hebrew scriptures said about Messiah (Christ) Jesus in advance. Would Yahweh raise him up to be a prophet like Moses, from among their brethren, who you must listen to?‬‬

Deuteronomy 18:15 NJB
Yahweh your God will raise up a prophet like me; you will listen to him.

Does Hebrews confirm that he was like his brethren ‘in every respect’?

Hebrews 2:17 NASB
“Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.”
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Was the Messiah to be a man?

Isa 53:3 NJB
he was despised, the lowest of men, a man of sorrows, familiar with suffering, one from whom, as it were, we averted our gaze, despised, for whom we had no regard.

Jeremiah 33:15-17 RSV
15 In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch to spring forth for David; and he shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.
16 In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will dwell securely. And this is the name by which it will be called: ‘The LORD is our righteousness.’
17 “For thus says the LORD: David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel,

Daniel 7:13 NJB
I was gazing into the visions of the night, when I saw, coming on the clouds of heaven, as it were a son of man. He came to the One most venerable and was led into his presence.

Is ‘son of man’ another way of expressing and equivalent to ‘man’?

Numbers 23:19 RSV
God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should repent. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfil it

Psalms 8:4 NASB
“What is man that You take thought of him, And the son of man that You care for him?”


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Psalms 80:17 NASB ‬‬
“Let Your hand be upon the man of Your right hand, Upon the son of man whom You made strong for Yourself.”
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Was Ezekiel continuously referred to as ‘son of man’, meaning man?

Ezekiel 2:1 NASB
“Then He said to me, “Son of man, stand on your feet that I may speak with you!”

(You may also look up 3:1, 4, 10, 4:1, 5:1, 6:1 etc etc throughout the book)

Ezekiel 3:1 NASB
“Then He said to me, “Son of man, eat what you find; eat this scroll, and go, speak to the house of Israel.””

‭‭Ezekiel 3:4 NASB‬‬
“Then He said to me, “Son of man, eat what you find; eat this scroll, and go, speak to the house of Israel.

Ezekiel 3:10 NASB
Then He said to me, “Son of man, go to the house of Israel and speak with My words to them.”

‭‭Ezekiel 4:1 NASB‬‬
“”Now you son of man, get yourself a brick, place it before you and inscribe a city on it, Jerusalem.”

‭‭Ezekiel 5:1 NASB ‬‬
“”As for you, son of man, take a sharp sword; take and use it as a barber’s razor on your head and beard. Then take scales for weighing and divide the hair.”

‭‭Ezekiel 6:2 NASB‬‬
“”Son of man, set your face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them
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The name ‘Adam’ in Hebrew means ‘man, mankind’ – Strong’s Hebrew Concordance number 120, and is the word translated man throughout the Hebrew scriptures, typically in the phrase ‘son of man’.

Genesis 3:20-21 NASB
“Now the man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all the living. The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.”
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Did Jesus often refer to himself as ‘the son of man’?

Matthew 11:19 NASB
The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Behold, a gluttonous man and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ Yet wisdom is vindicated by her deeds.””
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Mark 14:21 NASB
For the Son of Man is to go just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born.””
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A few other scriptures for you to look up where Jesus calls himself ‘the son of man’ are: Matthew 26:2, 24, Luke 22:22, Matthew 16:27, Luke 7:34, Matthew 24:30, Mark 2:10, Matthew 9:6, Mark 2:28

Matthew 26:2 NASB
“”You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man is to be handed over for crucifixion.””

Matthew‬ ‭26:24‬ ‭NASB‬‬‬‬
The Son of Man is to go, just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born.””
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Luke 22:22 NASB
‭‭ “For indeed, the Son of Man is going as it has been determined; but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!””‬‬

‭‭ Matthew 16:27 NASB ‬‬
“For the Son of Man is going to come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and WILL THEN REPAY EVERY MAN ACCORDING TO HIS DEEDS.”

‭‭Luke 7:34 NASB ‬‬
“The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Behold, a gluttonous man and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’

‭‭Matthew 24:30 NASB ‬‬
“And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory.”

Mark 2:10 NASB ‭‭‬‬
“But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” -He said to the paralytic,”

Note: In the original bible text ‘son of man’ has no capital letters, that is a choice of the translators.

Matthew 9:6 NASB
“But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” -then He said to the paralytic, “Get up, pick up your bed and go home.””

‭‭Mark 2:28 NASB ‬‬
So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.””

Did Jesus say he was a man?

John 8:40 NASB
“But as it is, you are seeking to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from God; this Abraham did not do.”
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Mark‬ ‭14:62‬ ‭NASB‬‬ ‬‬
“And Jesus said, “I am; and you shall see THE SON OF MAN SITTING AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER, and COMING WITH THE CLOUDS OF HEAVEN.””
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John the Baptist said Jesus was a man:

John 1:29-30 NASB
“The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! This is He on behalf of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who has a higher rank than I, for He existed before me.’”
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The people who followed him said he was a man and agreeing with John:

John 10:40-41 NASB
“And He went away again beyond the Jordan to the place where John was first baptizing, and He was staying there. Many came to Him and were saying, “While John performed no sign, yet everything John said about this man was true.””

Did Peter confirm Jesus was a man?

Acts2:22 NASB
“”Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know-”
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Did even the High Priest say Jesus was a man?

John 11:49-52 NASB
“But one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all, nor do you take into account that it is expedient for you that one man die for the people, and that the whole nation not perish.” Now he did not say this on his own initiative, but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus was going to die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but in order that He might also gather together into one the children of God who are scattered abroad.”
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Was Jesus resurrected as a ‘flesh and bones’ man:

Luke 24:36-43 NASB
“While they were telling these things, He Himself stood in their midst and said to them, “Peace be to you.” But they were startled and frightened and thought that they were seeing a spirit. And He said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your hearts? See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; touch Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.” And when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet. While they still could not believe it because of their joy and amazement, He said to them, “Have you anything here to eat?” They gave Him a piece of a broiled fish; and He took it and ate it before them.”
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Verse 39 above says a spirit does not have flesh and bones. Is God spirit?

John4:24 NASB
“God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.””
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After Jesus’ ascension into heaven is he still called a man?

1 Timothy 2:3-6 NASB
“This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for all, the testimony given at the proper time.”

1 Corinthians 15:21-22 NASB
“For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.”
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Romans 5:15-17 NASB
“But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many. The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification. For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.”
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Acts 17:31 RSV
because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed, and of this he has given assurance to all men by raising him from the dead.

‭Will Jesus return at his second coming in power as ‘the son of man’?

Matthew 24:30 NASB
“And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory.”
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Mark 13:26 NASB
Then they will see THE SON OF MAN COMING IN CLOUDS with great power and glory.”
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Luke 18:8 NASB
“I tell you that He will bring about justice for them quickly. However, when the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on the earth?””

‭‭Summary‬‬
We have seen from the scriptures above that Jesus Messiah (Christ) was prophesied to come as a man, came as a man as witnessed by John the Baptist, the High Priest, his disciples, and the people who followed him. He was resurrected as a ‘flesh and bones’ man, and after his ascension into heaven he is still referred to as a man. We have also seen that when Jesus returns at his second coming in power and glory he will still be ‘the son of man’.
Jesus was the perfect sinless man who died as our Passover Lamb, by which the Father, Yahweh God, was reconciling us to Himself.

Messiah’s (Christ’s) First Coming

Had the Hebrew scriptures been veiled from the people until this time?

2 Corinthians 3:14-15 NKJV
But their minds were blinded. For until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament, because the veil is taken away in Christ. But even to this day, when Moses is read, a veil lies on their heart.”

How is that veil removed?
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2 Corinthians 3:16 NKJV
Nevertheless when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away.”
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Isaiah 7:14 wasn’t understood before but is recorded in Matthew 1:21-23 as being fulfilled. Was it a sign from Yahweh Himself?

Matthew 1:22-23 NASB
“Now all this took place to fulfil what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet: “BEHOLD, THE VIRGIN SHALL BE WITH CHILD AND SHALL BEAR A SON, AND THEY SHALL CALL HIS NAME IMMANUEL,” which translated means, “GOD WITH US.”

Isaiah 7:14 NASB
“Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel.”


‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
Many Hebrew scriptures that were not understood as Messianic prophecies before these times are identified as being fulfilled by events in Jesus’ life and ministry. Let us look at a few of these.

Jesus, son of Yahweh, (typified by Israel in Exodus) is brought out of Egypt:

Exodus 4:22 NJB
You will then say to Pharaoh, “This is what Yahweh says: Israel is my first-born son.

Matthew‬ 2:15‬ NASB‬‬ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
“He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: “OUT OF EGYPT I CALLED MY SON.“”

‬Hosea‬ 11:1‬ NASB‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
“When Israel was a youth I loved him, And out of Egypt I called My son.”

The Jews didn’t recognise the killing of the male children as fulfilling prophecy:

Matthew 2:16-18 NASB‬
“Then when Herod saw that he had been tricked by the magi, he became very enraged, and sent and slew all the male children who were in Bethlehem and all its vicinity, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the magi. Then what had been spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: “A VOICE WAS HEARD IN RAMAH, WEEPING AND GREAT MOURNING, RACHEL WEEPING FOR HER CHILDREN; AND SHE REFUSED TO BE COMFORTED, BECAUSE THEY WERE NO MORE.””
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Jeremiah 31:15 NJB
Yahweh says this: A voice is heard in Ramah, lamenting and weeping bitterly: it is Rachel weeping for her children, refusing to be comforted for her children, because they are no more.

Again, they did not expect Messiah (Christ) to come from Galilee. Although Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea he was brought up in Nazareth in Galilee

John‬ 7:41-42‬ NASB‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
“Others were saying, “This is the Christ.” Still others were saying, “Surely the Christ is not going to come from Galilee, is He? Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the descendants of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?””
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Matthew‬ 2:23‬ NASB‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
“and came and lived in a city called Nazareth. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophets: “He shall be called a Nazarene.”
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Did Jesus’ parables fulfil scripture?

Matthew‬ 13:34-35‬ NASB‬‬ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
“All these things Jesus spoke to the crowds in parables, and He did not speak to them without a parable. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: “I WILL OPEN MY MOUTH IN PARABLES; I WILL UTTER THINGS HIDDEN SINCE THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD.””
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Psalms78:14NASB‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
“Listen, O my people, to my instruction; Incline your ears to the words of my mouth. I will open my mouth in a parable; I will utter dark sayings of old, Which we have heard and known, And our fathers have told us. We will not conceal them from their children, But tell to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, And His strength and His wondrous works that He has done.”
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They certainly didn’t expect the Messiah (Christ) to be rejected, but he was!

Matthew 21:42 NASB
“Jesus said to them, “Did you never read in the Scriptures, ‘THE STONE WHICH THE BUILDERS REJECTED, THIS BECAME THE CHIEF CORNER stone; THIS CAME ABOUT FROM THE LORD, AND IT IS MARVELOUS IN OUR EYES ‘?”
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Psalms 118:22-23 NJB
The stone which the builders rejected has become the cornerstone;
This is Yahweh’s doing, and we marvel at it
.

Who was he talking about?

Matthew 21:45 NASB
“When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that He was speaking about them.”
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Jesus understood he was going to the Father from Dan 7:13

John 14:12 NASB
“Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do, he will do also; and greater works than these he will do; because I go to the Father.”
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Daniel 7:13 NASB
“”I kept looking in the night visions, And behold, with the clouds of heaven One like a Son of Man was coming, And He came up to the Ancient of Days And was presented before Him.”
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This was also a surprise to everyone, especially the circumstances of it. However, Jesus expected to be struck down and the flock scattered and he quoted Zechariah 13:7 regarding it.

Matthew 26:31 NASB
“Then Jesus said to them, “You will all fall away because of Me this night, for it is written, ‘I WILL STRIKE DOWN THE SHEPHERD, AND THE SHEEP OF THE FLOCK SHALL BE SCATTERED.’”
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Zechariah 13:7 NASB
“”Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, And against the man, My Associate,” Declares the LORD of hosts. “Strike the Shepherd that the sheep may be scattered; And I will turn My hand against the little ones.”
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Jesus also recognised the bronze serpent that Moses was instructed to put up on a pole in the wilderness as foreshadowing his own crucifixion. Nobody else saw this coming.

Numbers 21:4-9 NJB
21:4 They left Mount Hor by the road to the Sea of Suph, to skirt round Edom. On the way the people lost patience.
21:5 They spoke against God and against Moses, ‘Why did you bring us out of Egypt to die in the desert? For there is neither food nor water here; we are sick of this meagre diet.’
21:6 At this, God sent fiery serpents among the people; their bite brought death to many in Israel.
21:7 The people came and said to Moses, ‘We have sinned by speaking against Yahweh and against you. Intercede for us with Yahweh to save us from these serpents.’ Moses interceded for the people,
21:8 and Yahweh replied, ‘Make a fiery serpent and raise it as a standard. Anyone who is bitten and looks at it will survive.’
21:9 Moses then made a serpent out of bronze and raised it as a standard, and anyone who was bitten by a serpent and looked at the bronze serpent survived
.

John 3:14 NASB
“As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up;”
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John 12:32-33 NASB
“And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” But He was saying this to indicate the kind of death by which He was to die.”
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Notice also that Jesus refers to himself very often as ‘the son of man’, we will look at why this is important in future articles

Did Jesus know he was going to be betrayed?

John 13:18 NASB
“I do not speak of all of you. I know the ones I have chosen; but it is that the Scripture may be fulfilled, ‘HE WHO EATS MY BREAD HAS LIFTED UP HIS HEEL AGAINST ME.’”
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He was quoting Psalms 41:9

Psalms 41:9 NASB
“Even my close friend in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me.”
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Did the Chief Priests who bribed Judas understand this? No! By doing it they were contributing to rejecting the Messiah they were waiting for.
After his resurrection Jesus spent time with his disciples showing them he was alive with many proofs and expounding the scriptures and their meaning to them.

Acts 1:1-3 NASB
“The first account I composed, Theophilus, about all that Jesus began to do and teach, until the day when He was taken up to heaven, after He had by the Holy Spirit given orders to the apostles whom He had chosen. To these He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God.”
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Were they able to clearly preach this truth of the ‘suffering servant’ Messiah, under the power of the spirit on the Day of Pentecost? Read all of Acts chapter 2, particularly verse 36

Acts 2:36 NASB
“Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ-this Jesus whom you crucified.””
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But why did Jesus have to suffer and die in this way?
Was this the Father’s will to bring about the salvation of the world?

1 John 4:14 NASB
“We have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world.”
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John 4: 42 NASB
“and they were saying to the woman, “It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves and know that this One is indeed the Saviour of the world.””
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How was this accomplished? Was Jesus ‘the Lamb of God’?

John 1:29 NASB
“The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!”
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John 3:16-17 NASB
“”For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him.
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Did the people expect this of their Messiah – to die as their Passover Lamb so they could be spared? Was this pictured in the Hebrew scriptures?

Exodus 12:2127 NJB
12:21 Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, ‘Go and choose a lamb or kid for your families, and kill the Passover victim.
12:22 Then take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and with the blood from the basin touch the lintel and both door-posts; then let none of you venture out of the house till morning.
12:23 Then, when Yahweh goes through Egypt to strike it, and sees the blood on the lintel and on both door-posts, he will pass over the door and not allow the Destroyer to enter your homes and strike.
12:24 You will observe this as a decree binding you and your children for all time,
12:25 and when you have entered the country which Yahweh will give you, as he has promised, you will observe this ritual.
12:26 And when your children ask you, “What does this ritual mean?”
12:27 you will tell them, “It is the Passover sacrifice in honour of Yahweh who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, and struck Egypt but spared our houses.” ‘ And the people bowed in worship.

1 Corinthians 5:7 NASB
Clean out the old leaven so that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed.
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Did this seal the new covenant?

1 Corinthians 11:23-26 NASB
“For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes
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Matt 26:26-29 NASB
“While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins. But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.””
(Also Mk 14:22-24, and Lk 22:19-22, if you wish to look them up

Was the new covenant expected? Should it have been?

Jeremiah 31:31 NJB
31:31 ‘Look, the days are coming, Yahweh declares, when I shall make a new covenant with the House of Israel (and the House of Judah),

We are redeemed by the Father with Messiah’s blood. Was Jesus the perfect lamb? Did the Father raise him from the dead and glorify him?

1 Peter 1:17-21 NASB
“If you address as Father the One who impartially judges according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your stay on earth; knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ. For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.”
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Summary
The priests and people of Jesus time did not expect a ‘suffering servant Messiah’ at his first coming, and had not understood that many of the scriptures had described this initial appearing.
We will look into this a little more next time.