Who or What is the Holy Spirit? Part 3

In the first part we explored the holy spirit/spirit of God/spirit of Yahweh as presented in the Hebrew scriptures, and found it to be describing the dynamic, creative, active power and presence of God working in His creation, with and through the people He chose.

In the second part we looked at the New Testament scriptures and found them also reflecting this same spirit and activity, indeed we observed many of the NT writers quoting OT scriptures when referring to the activity of the spirit currently occurring in their time.

However, we also see something that appears to be new and different about the spirits activity in the NT, an ‘indwelling presence’, and this is what we will be looking at now.

In John’s gospel we see Jesus telling his disciples that the spirit, ‘paraklete’ (comforter/counsellor) will come teaching, helping, guiding them:

John 14:16 RSV
And I will pray the Father, and he will give you another Counselor, to be with you for ever,

John 14:26 RSV
But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.

John 15:26 RSV
But when the Counselor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me;

Why would it be advantageous if Jesus went away?

John 16:7 RSV
Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you.

John 16:13 RSV
When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come.

We also see in this section of scripture Jesus telling his disciples that he himself will come to them:

John 14:3 RSV
And when I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also.

John 14:17-18 RSV
even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him; you know him, for he dwells with you, and will be in you. 18 “I will not leave you desolate; I will come to you.

John 14:21 RSV
He who has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves me; and he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and manifest myself to him.”

John 14:23 RSV
Jesus answered him, “If a man loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.

John 14:28 RSV
You heard me say to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, because I go to the Father; for the Father is greater than I.

John 16:17 RSV
Some of his disciples said to one another, “What is this that he says to us, ‘A little while, and you will not see me, and again a little while, and you will see me’; and, ‘because I go to the Father’?”

So the holy spirit is coming and Jesus is coming! What is Jesus really telling them here?

Is Jesus describing an indwelling of both the Father and himself in his followers just like the indwelling of the Father in him?

John 14:17 RSV
even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him; you know him, for he dwells with you, and will be in you.

John 14:20 RSV
In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.

Was Jesus the one who would baptise with the holy spirit?

Mark 1:8 RSV
I have baptized you with water; but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.”

Did this begin at Pentecost in Jerusalem, as identified by Peter?

Acts 2:32-33 RSV
This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. 33 Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this which you see and hear.

In Paul’s writings he describes this indwelling interchangeably as ‘the spirit/spirit of God dwells in’, ‘the spirit of Christ dwells in’ and ‘Christ dwells in’, as can be seen in the scriptures following:

Romans 8:9-11 RSV
But you are not in the flesh, you are in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Any one who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, although your bodies are dead because of sin, your spirits are alive because of righteousness. 11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also through his Spirit which dwells in you.

1 Corinthians 3:16 RSV
Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?

Ephesians 2:22 RSV
in whom you also are built into it for a dwelling place of God in the Spirit.

Galatians 4:6 RSV
And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!”

Philippians 1:19 RSV
Yes, and I shall rejoice. For I know that through your prayers and the help of the Spirit of Jesus Christ this will turn out for my deliverance,

2 Corinthians 13:5 RSV
Examine yourselves, to see whether you are holding to your faith. Test yourselves. Do you not realize that Jesus Christ is in you? –unless indeed you fail to meet the test!

Galatians 2:20 RSV
I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me; and the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.

Colossians 1:27 RSV
To them God chose to make known how great among the Gentiles are the riches of the glory of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.

So it is like we are filled with Christ, who himself is filled with the Father, so by extension are we, by their very living presence and indwelling in spirit. This means that Jesus is now present to the believer only in and through the spirit, and that the mark of the spirit is both the recognition of Jesus’ present status and the reproduction of the character of his sonship and resurrection life in the believer.

In this way is Christ with us always?

Matthew 28:20 RSV
teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, to the close of the age.”

We have seen that it is now possible to have this new deep intimate personal relationship with the Father and Jesus, inside of us by this ‘indwelling’, such that we can say with Paul that ‘Christ is our life’ (Colossians 3:4), and that we are the children of the Father, witnessed to us by this indwelling presence.

The Father and Christ are not dealing with us ‘at arms length’ or through some third party, but are right here in us, with us, through us, for us, as us – we couldn’t be ‘yoked together’ more closely.

For those who would like to study the holy spirit in more depth and detail we would strongly recommend you start by reviewing Sean Finnegan’s excellent study article and free PDF Download

There is also a link to it on our ‘Articles’ tab, along with other available materials.

Who or What is the holy spirit? Continued

Previously we saw from a review of the Hebrew scriptures relating to the spirit of Yahweh, or the holy spirit, that rather than being another person distinct from Yahweh it describes the creative, dynamic, active presence and influence of the glorious Yahweh God in and upon and with His chosen people.

We will now continue our study by looking at how the holy spirit is presented in the new testament scriptures.

The first mention of the holy spirit in the New Testament scriptures is in Luke 1 when Zechariah is informed about the coming birth of his son John (the Baptist) to Elizabeth his wife.

Notice that John was to be filled with the holy spirit from birth. Is this associated with ‘the spirit and power of Elijah’, the Old Testament prophet?

Luke 1:13-17 RSV
But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechari’ah, for your prayer is heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. 14 And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth; 15 for he will be great before the Lord, and he shall drink no wine nor strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb. 16 And he will turn many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God, 17 and he will go before him in the spirit and power of Eli’jah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready for the Lord a people prepared.”

Will John turn many of the people of Israel back to Yahweh their God? Verse 16 above.

The second mention of the holy spirit is to Mary concerning the conception of Jesus in her womb.

When she asks ‘how can this be?’, is she told that Yahweh (the Most High) will be Jesus’ father?

Is ‘the power of the Most High’ also called ‘the holy spirit’, and also referred to as God (Yahweh), hence the reason that he (Jesus) will be ‘called holy, the son of God’?

Luke 1:31-35 RSV
And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, 33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there will be no end.” 34 And Mary said to the angel, “How shall this be, since I have no husband?” 35 And the angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God.

Matthew1:18-20 RSV
Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child of the Holy Spirit; 19 and her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly. 20 But as he considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit;

Are we seeing here the spirit of Yahweh, the holy spirit, the very ‘presence of Yahweh’ identified as the creative, dynamic, active power and cause of the conception of Jesus – the glorious Yahweh God working in Mary to become the father of Jesus?

Is this the way that Mary would have understood what she was told? Review those verses above.

Did the Father ever give testimony as to who Jesus is, and by extension who Jesus’ father is?

When he was baptised by John:

Matthew 3:16-17 RSV
And when Jesus was baptized, he went up immediately from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and alighting on him; 17 and lo, a voice from heaven, saying, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

At the transfiguration again, this time with an added instruction:

Mark 9:7 RSV
And a cloud overshadowed them, and a voice came out of the cloud, “This is my beloved Son; listen to him.”

….’listen to him’.

Is the ‘spirit of God’ the power and presence of God in action, referred to as ‘the finger of God’?

Matthew 12:28 RSV
But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.

Luke 11:20 RSV
But if it is by the finger of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.

Exodus 8:19 WEB
Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God:” and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he didn’t listen to them; as Yahweh had spoken.

Are we seeing the same holy spirit, Yahweh’s presence in action, as in the Hebrew scriptures?

Does Peter refer to Yahweh’s stated intention given through Joel?

Acts 2:16-17 RSV
but this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: 17 ‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams;

Does Paul refer to what Yahweh said by His spirit through Isaiah?

Acts 28:25-26 RSV
So, as they disagreed among themselves, they departed, after Paul had made one statement: “The Holy Spirit was right in saying to your fathers through Isaiah the prophet: 26 ‘Go to this people, and say, You shall indeed hear but never understand, and you shall indeed see but never perceive.

Does Peter say that Yahweh spoke through the prophets by His spirit?

2 Peter 1:20-21 RSV
First of all you must understand this, that no prophecy of scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, 21 because no prophecy ever came by the impulse of man, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.

Is it Yahweh God doing the inspiring?

2 Timothy 3:16 RSV
All scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,

Are we told that the same spirit of the Father will be present and speaking through us?

Matthew 10:19-20 RSV
When they deliver you up, do not be anxious how you are to speak or what you are to say; for what you are to say will be given to you in that hour; 20 for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.

Is God the Father Himself spirit, is this His essential nature?

John 4:23-24 RSV
But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for such the Father seeks to worship him. 24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”

Does Paul, referring back to Moses in Yahweh’s presence in Exodus state that the Lord God (Yahweh) is the spirit?

Exodus 34:34-35 WEB
But when Moses went in before Yahweh to speak with him, he took the veil off, until he came out; and he came out, and spoke to the children of Israel that which he was commanded. 35 The children of Israel saw Moses’ face, that the skin of Moses’ face shone: and Moses put the veil on his face again, until he went in to speak with him.

2 Corinthians 3:7-8 RSV
Now if the dispensation of death, carved in letters on stone, came with such splendor that the Israelites could not look at Moses’ face because of its brightness, fading as this was,8 will not the dispensation of the Spirit be attended with greater splendor?

2 Corinthians 3:16-18 RSV
but when a man turns to the Lord the veil is removed. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18 And we all, with unveiled face, beholding the glory of the Lord, are being changed into his likeness from one degree of glory to another; for this comes from the Lord who is the Spirit.

Are we able to turn to God and have this veil taken away only through Christ?

2 Corinthians 3:14 RSV
But their minds were hardened; for to this day, when they read the old covenant, that same veil remains unlifted, because only through Christ is it taken away.

Was it through this same spirit presence of God that Christ was able to offer himself without blemish?

Hebrews 9:14 RSV
how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify your conscience from dead works to serve the living God.

Is there one God and Father who is in all?

Ephesians 4:6 RSV
one God and Father of us all, who is above all and through all and in all.

Can the spirit of Yahweh God, who raised Jesus from the dead, dwell in us also?

Romans 8:11 RSV
If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also through his Spirit which dwells in you.

Is receiving the indwelling spirit of God referred to as being ‘born again’?

John 3:5-6 RSV
Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

Are we told that this will be a ‘baptizing’?

Acts 1:4-5 RSV
And while staying with them he charged them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, “you heard from me, 5 for John baptized with water, but before many days you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”

Will this bear witness that we are also Yahweh God’s children?

Romans 8:15-16 KJV
For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

Are we told to be filled with the spirit?

Ephesians 5:18 RSV
And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery; but be filled with the Spirit,

Is the Father’s spirit presence in the inner man described as ‘being filled with all the fullness of God’?

Ephesians 3:14-19 RSV
For this reason I bow my knees before the Father, 15 from whom every family in heaven and on earth is named, 16 that according to the riches of his glory he may grant you to be strengthened with might through his Spirit in the inner man, 17 and that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; that you, being rooted and grounded in love, 18 may have power to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, 19 and to know the love of Christ which surpasses knowledge, that you may be filled with all the fulness of God.

Does God the Father actually dwell in us?

1 John 4:12-16 RSV
No man has ever seen God; if we love one another, God abides in us and his love is perfected in us. 13 By this we know that we abide in him and he in us, because he has given us of his own Spirit. 14 And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son as the Savior of the world. 15 Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God. 16 So we know and believe the love God has for us. God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him.

Does this produce regeneration and renewal in us in hope of eternal life?

Titus 3:4-7 RSV
but when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, 5 he saved us, not because of deeds done by us in righteousness, but in virtue of his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal in the Holy Spirit, 6 which he poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, 7 so that we might be justified by his grace and become heirs in hope of eternal life.

Did Jesus say that the Father was in him? As evidenced by the works being done?

John 14:11 RSV
Believe me that I am in the Father and the Father in me; or else believe me for the sake of the works themselves.

Did Jesus also describe the indwelling of the holy spirit as being like ‘rivers of living water’, which those who believed were to receive?

John 7:37-39 RSV
On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and proclaimed, “If any one thirst, let him come to me and drink. 38 He who believes in me, as the scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart shall flow rivers of living water.'” 39 Now this he said about the Spirit, which those who believed in him were to receive; for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

This is a direct reference back to Isaiah and the spirit in the Hebrew scriptures.

Isaiah 44:3 RSV
For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour my Spirit upon your descendants, and my blessing on your offspring.

Isaiah 58:11 WEB
and Yahweh will guide you continually, and satisfy your soul in dry places, and make strong your bones; and you shall be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters don’t fail.

Does it produce continual guidance – v11 above?

Is the spirit presence also called ‘a counsellor’?

John 15:26 RSV
But when the Counsellor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me;

The Greek word for ‘counsellor’ is ‘parakletos’, Strong’s number 3875 and means ‘an advocate intercessor, comforter, helper, who is along side or close beside’.

Does Jesus send this holy spirit presence (also called ‘the spirit of truth’) from the Father? Same verse.

Were they to wait in Jerusalem? Is it the gift and power of the Father?

Acts 1:4 RSV
And while staying with them he charged them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, “you heard from me,

Luke 24:49 RSV
And behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you; but stay in the city, until you are clothed with power from on high.”

Again was this told beforehand through Isaiah, and that it is Yahweh doing the comforting?

Isaiah 66:13 RSV
As one whom his mother comforts, so I will comfort you; you shall be comforted in Jerusalem.

It should be noted that Paul consistently sends greetings in his letters ‘from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ’, typical is 1 Corinthians:

1 Corinthians 1:3 RSV
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

2 Corinthians 1:2 RSV
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Philemon 3 RSV
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

The holy spirit is not included as a third person, did Paul consistently forget ‘him’?


We have seen from the New Testament scriptures the holy spirit presented as the Father’s presence in power and action indwelling Jesus and believers as His children, evidenced in works and prophecies. New Testament writers often refer to prophecies in the Hebrew scriptures, given under the inspiration of the same ‘spirit of God’. So we see the same spirit presence of God in the NT as we saw in the OT, however we see something new and different. We also see this indwelling providing comfort and counselling, as well as guidance and even words when necessary, and as we shall see next time, a deeper more intimate personal relationship with both the Father and Jesus the Messiah.



Who or What is the Holy Spirit?

Considering what John the Baptist said:

Matthew 3:11-12 RSV
11 “I baptise you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry; he will baptise you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 12 His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor and gather his wheat into the granary, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.”

Knowing the truth about the holy spirit ought to be a key concern for all true believers. And yet there are a variety of views regarding the true nature of the holy spirit. So as usual we will turn to God’s word in the scriptures to determine the truth, and rely upon the holy spirit:

John 14:26 NIV
But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.

There is a lot to cover on this subject, so we will start by looking at what the Hebrew scriptures tell us in this part, followed by subsequent parts looking at the teaching in the New Testament scriptures, and then we will pull it all together.

The first mention of God’s spirit is in Genesis 1:2 ‘moving’ in the creation setting.

Genesis 1:2 RSV
The earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the Spirit of God was moving over the face of the waters.

The Hebrew word translated ‘spirit’ is Strong’s number 7307, defined as ‘breath, wind, spirit’. Whether breath, wind or spirit, they are invisible, their power and effect is as a result of their movement or flowing action.

Can we take ‘God’s spirit’ to be ‘the holy spirit’? Is God holy?

Leviticus 19:2 NJB
‘Speak to the whole community of Israelites and say: “Be holy, for I, Yahweh your God, am holy.

Psalms 99:9 NJB
Yahweh our God, bow down at his holy mountain; holy is Yahweh our God!

Habakkuk 1:12 HCSB
Are You not from eternity, Yahweh my God? My Holy One, You will not die. Lord, You appointed them to execute judgment; [my] Rock, You destined them to punish [us].

Is God spirit?

John 4:24 RSV
God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”

Yahweh God is both holy and spirit, hence ‘God’s spirit’ or ‘the spirit of God’ are terms equivalent to ‘the holy spirit’ and are related directly to Yahweh, the Father, Lord God most high.

Are ‘your holy spirit’ and ‘your presence’ used as parallel equivalents, strongly and directly related?

Psalm 139:7 HCSB
Where can I go to escape Your Spirit? Where can I flee from Your presence?

Psalm 51:11 HCSB
Do not banish me from Your presence or take Your Holy Spirit from me.

Was Yahweh’s presence, also called His holy spirit and His spirit, present in the midst of His people Israel?

Isaiah 63:8-14 NJB
63:8 For he said, ‘Truly they are my people, children who will not betray me,’ and he became their Saviour.
63:9 In all their troubles, it was no messenger or angel but his presence that saved them. In his love and pity he himself redeemed them, lifted them up and carried them throughout the days of old.
63:10 But they rebelled and vexed his holy Spirit. Then he became their enemy and himself waged war on them.
63:11 But he called the past to mind, Moses his servant. Where is he who saved them from the sea, the Shepherd of his flock? Where was he who put his holy Spirit among them,
63:12 whose glorious arm led the way by Moses’ right hand? Who divided the waters before them to win himself everlasting renown,
63:13 who led them through the depths as easily as a horse through the desert? They stumbled as little
63:14 as cattle going down to the plain. Yahweh’s Spirit led them to rest. This was how you guided your people to win yourself glorious renown.

Did the glorious presence of Yahweh fill the tabernacle, or dwelling in the midst of the people of Israel?

Exodus 40:34-38 NJB
40:34 The cloud then covered the Tent of Meeting and the glory of Yahweh filled the Dwelling.
40:35 Moses could not enter the Tent of Meeting, since the cloud stayed over it and the glory of Yahweh filled the Dwelling.
40:36 At every stage of their journey, whenever the cloud rose from the Dwelling, the Israelites would resume their march.
40:37 If the cloud did not rise, they would not resume their march until the day it did rise.
40:38 For Yahweh’s cloud stayed over the Dwelling during the daytime and there was fire inside the cloud at night, for the whole House of Israel to see, at every stage of their journey.

So we can see that one aspect of the holy spirit is it relating to ‘the glorious, holy presence of Yahweh’ dwelling in the midst of His people.

Does the ‘spirit of Yahweh’ also have reference to the mind, understanding, knowledge of Yahweh God?

Isaiah 40:13-14 NJB
13 Who directed the spirit of Yahweh, what counsellor could have instructed him?
14 Whom has he consulted to enlighten him, to instruct him in the path of judgement, to teach him knowledge and show him how to understand?

Is this confirmed in the prophecy regarding the Messiah in Isaiah 11?

Isaiah 11:1-2 NJB
1 A shoot will spring from the stock of Jesse, a new shoot will grow from his roots.
2 On him will rest the spirit of Yahweh, the spirit of wisdom and insight, the spirit of counsel and power, the spirit of knowledge and fear of

Does the spirit of Yahweh encompass the spirit of wisdom, of understanding, of counsel, of might, of knowledge and the reverence of Yahweh? Isaiah 11:1-2 above.

So we see that another aspect of the spirit is the indwelling influence of the mind of Yahweh God working with His chosen ones.

Is Yahweh’s spirit also compared to and related to power and might?

Zechariah 4:6 Lexham English Bible
And he answered and said to me, “This [is] the word of Yahweh to Zerubbabel, saying, ‘Not by strength and not by power, but [only] by my Spirit,’ says Yahweh of hosts.

And to Yahweh’s dynamic, active presence to deliver through His chosen agent?

Judges 3:9-10 NJB
9 The Israelites then cried to Yahweh and Yahweh raised for the Israelites a deliverer who rescued them, Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother.
10 The spirit of Yahweh was on him; he became judge in Israel and set out for war. Yahweh delivered Cushan-Rishathaim king of Edom into his hands, and he triumphed over Cushan- Rishathaim.

Judges 6:34 NJB
And the spirit of Yahweh clothed Gideon around; he sounded the horn and Abiezer rallied behind him.

Judges 13:24-25 NJB
24 The woman gave birth to a son and called him Samson. The child grew, and Yahweh blessed him;
25 and the spirit of Yahweh began to stir him in the Camp of Dan, between Zorah and Eshtaol.

Did this presence and influence sometimes result in prophetic utterances in accordance with the will of Yahweh?

Ezekiel 2:1-2 HCSB
He said to me, “Son of man, stand up on your feet and I will speak with you.” 2 As He spoke to me, the Spirit entered me and set me on my feet, and I listened to the One who was speaking to me.

Ezekiel 11:1 NJB
The spirit lifted me up and brought me to the east gate of the Temple of Yahweh, the gate that looks eastwards. There at the entrance to the gate stood twenty-five men, among whom I saw Jaazaniah son of Azzur and Pelatiah son of Benaiah, leaders of the people.

Ezekiel 11:5 NJB
The spirit of Yahweh fell on me, and he said to me, ‘Say, “Yahweh says this: I know what you are saying, House of Israel, I know how insolent you are.

Prophesying the Messiah and the New Covenant:

Isaiah 61:1-2 NJB
61:1 The spirit of Lord Yahweh is on me for Yahweh has anointed me. He has sent me to bring the news to the afflicted, to soothe the broken-hearted,
61:2 to proclaim liberty to captives, release to those in prison, to proclaim a year of favour from Yahweh and a day of vengeance for our God, to comfort all who mourn

Ezekiel 11:5 NJB
The spirit of Yahweh fell on me, and he said to me, ‘Say, “Yahweh says this: I know what you are saying, House of Israel, I know how insolent you are.

Ezekiel 36:25-27 NJB
I shall pour clean water over you and you will be cleansed; I shall cleanse you of all your filth and of all your foul idols.
26 I shall give you a new heart, and put a new spirit in you; I shall remove the heart of stone from your bodies and give you a heart of flesh instead.
27 I shall put my spirit in you, and make you keep my laws, and respect and practise my judgements

Power, justice and might to declare Yahweh’s truth:

2 Samuel 23:1-4 NJB
These are the last words of David: Thus speaks David son of Jesse, thus speaks the man raised to eminence, the anointed of the God of Jacob, the singer of the songs of Israel:
2 The spirit of Yahweh speaks through me, his word is on my tongue;
3 the God of Jacob has spoken, the Rock of Israel has said to me: He whose rule is upright on earth, who rules in the fear of God,
4 is like the morning light at sunrise (on a cloudless morning) making the grass of the earth sparkle after rain.

We can see from the above review of the Hebrew scriptures relating to the spirit of Yahweh, or the holy spirit, that rather than being another person distinct from Yahweh it describes the creative, dynamic, active presence and influence of the glorious Yahweh God in and upon and with His chosen people.

This agrees very nicely with the Jewish view that the spirit of God alludes to His energy and self expression in word and action.
In the next part we will look at the holy spirit in the New Testament scriptures.