The Kingdom of God Pt 3

In Part 1 we looked at WHAT the kingdom of God is, and WHY it is coming, using two of Kipling’s ‘honest serving men’.

In Part 2 we studied the scriptures regarding WHEN this will take place and HOW it will be brought about.

In this study we will continue and examine what the bible teaches about WHERE this will happen and WHO will be involved.

WHERE will the kingdom of God be?

Did Jesus teach his disciples (and by extension us) to pray to the Father for His kingdom to come? Was it to come to earth and involve our Father’s will being done here on earth ‘as it is in heaven’?

Matthew 6:10 NRSV
Your kingdom come. Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.

Will Christ arrive on the Mount of Olives just outside Jerusalem, to set up God’s government starting from here – on the earth?

Zechariah 14:1-4 WEB
Behold, a day of Yahweh comes, when your spoil will be divided in your midst.
14:2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city will be taken, the houses rifled, and the women ravished. half of the city will go out into captivity, and the rest of the people will not be cut off from the city.
14:3 Then Yahweh will go out and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.
14:4 His feet will stand in that day on the Mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in two, from east to west, making a very great valley. Half of the mountain will move toward the north, and half of it toward the south.

Were the apostles told that Christ would return in the same way as he had gone (into the clouds on the Mount of Olives, out of the clouds arriving on the Mount of Olives) – back to the earth?

Acts 1:11-12 NRSV
They said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking up toward heaven? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven.”
12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a sabbath day’s journey away.

Will God’s kingdom and government be established and flow out of Jerusalem – on the earth?

Isaiah 2:2-3 WEB
It shall happen in the latter days, that the mountain of Yahweh’s house shall be established on the top of the mountains, And shall be raised above the hills; And all nations shall flow to it.
2:3 Many peoples shall go and say, “Come, let’s go up to the mountain of Yahweh, To the house of the God of Jacob; And he will teach us of his ways, And we will walk in his paths. For out of Zion the law shall go forth, And the word of Yahweh from Jerusalem.

Did Jesus say the inheritance of the meek was to be the earth?

Matthew 5:5 NRSV
“Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.

Was the promise to Abraham and his descendents to inherit the world?

Romans 4:13 NRSV
For the promise that he would inherit the world did not come to Abraham or to his descendants through the law but through the righteousness of faith.

Are the saints to rule the earth?

1 Corinthians 6:2 NRSV
Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases?

Is it the earth that will be full of the knowledge of Yahweh?

Isaiah 11:9 WEB
They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain; for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of Yahweh, as the waters cover the sea.

This is supported throughout the prophetic writings:

Habakkuk 2:14 WEB
For the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of Yahweh, as the waters cover the sea.

Psalms 96:9-13 WEB
Worship Yahweh in holy array. Tremble before him, all the earth.
96:10 Say among the nations, “Yahweh reigns.” The world is also established. It can’t be moved. He will judge the peoples with equity.
96:11 Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice. Let the sea roar, and it’s fullness!
96:12 Let the field and all that is in it exult! Then all the trees of the woods shall sing for joy
96:13 Before Yahweh; for he comes, For he comes to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, The peoples with his truth.

Does Christ instruct us to be ready for his return to the earth?

Luke 21:34-36 NRSV
“Be on guard so that your hearts are not weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and the worries of this life, and that day does not catch you unexpectedly,
35 like a trap. For it will come upon all who live on the face of the whole earth.
36 Be alert at all times, praying that you may have the strength to escape all these things that will take place, and to stand before the Son of Man.”

For further evidence see also Joel 3:1-3, Obadiah 15-21, Micah 4:1-4, Isaiah 9, 11, 25, 35, 60, 61, 66, Daniel 2 and 7.

So it is evident that Christ returns to the earth and establishes the kingdom of God here on earth.

Let us now see who is involved in the kingdom of God that is to be set up and ruled over by Messiah Jesus.

WHO should we expect to be involved in the kingdom of God?

First of all, as we have seen it is the kingdom belonging to Yahweh God our Father, it is His rule and government that He administers through Jesus as Messiah king here on earth.

Daniel 7:13 WEB
I saw in the night-visions, and, behold, there came with the clouds of the sky one like a son of man, and he came even to the ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.

Matthew 19:28 NRSV
Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man is seated on the throne of his glory, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Luke 22:28-29 NRSV
“You are those who have stood by me in my trials;
29 and I confer on you, just as my Father has conferred on me, a kingdom,

Matthew 25:31 NRSV
“When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory.

Revelation 11:15 NRSV
Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah, and he will reign forever and ever.”

Luke 1:31-33 NRSV
And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus.
32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David.
33 He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.”

Will Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, together with all the prophets be in the kingdom?

Luke 13:28 NRSV
There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrown out.

Can ‘flesh and blood’ inherit the kingdom of God?

John 3:5-6 NRSV
Jesus answered, “Very truly, I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit.
6 What is born of the flesh is flesh, and what is born of the Spirit is spirit.

1 Corinthians 15:50 NRSV
What I am saying, brothers and sisters, is this: flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.

But will we who are Christ’s at his return be changed so we can inherit the kingdom with him?

1 Corinthians 15:51-55 NRSV
Listen, I will tell you a mystery! We will not all die, but we will all be changed,
52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.
53 For this perishable body must put on imperishability, and this mortal body must put on immortality.
54 When this perishable body puts on imperishability, and this mortal body puts on immortality, then the saying that is written will be fulfilled: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.”
55 “Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?”

Will the saints of the Most High receive the kingdom?

Daniel 7:18 WEB
But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom, and possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever.

Daniel 7:27 WEB
The kingdom and the dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole the sky, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High: his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.

Luke 12:32 NRSV
“Do not be afraid, little flock, for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom.

2 Peter 1:11 NRSV
For in this way, entry into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be richly provided for you.

Will we rule over the earth with Christ?

Revelation 2:26-27 NRSV
To everyone who conquers and continues to do my works to the end, I will give authority over the nations;
27 to rule them with an iron rod, as when clay pots are shattered—

Revelation 3:21 NRSV
To the one who conquers I will give a place with me on my throne, just as I myself conquered and sat down with my Father on his throne.

Who will not inherit a part in the kingdom?

Galatians 5:19-21 NRSV
Now the works of the flesh are obvious: fornication, impurity, licentiousness,
20 idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, anger, quarrels, dissensions, factions,
21 envy, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these. I am warning you, as I warned you before: those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.

Ephesians 5:5 NRSV
Be sure of this, that no fornicator or impure person, or one who is greedy (that is, an idolater), has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 NRSV
Do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived! Fornicators, idolaters, adulterers, male prostitutes, sodomites,
10 thieves, the greedy, drunkards, revilers, robbers—none of these will inherit the kingdom of God.

The goods news is that we don’t have to remain like that! Look at verse 11 if you wish to be an inheritor of the kingdom of God:

1 Corinthians 6:11 NRSV
And this is what some of you used to be. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.

2 Thessalonians 1:5 NRSV
This is evidence of the righteous judgment of God, and is intended to make you worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are also suffering

Will Satan and his influence be taken out of the picture?

Revelation 20:1-3 NRSV
Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain.
2 He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years,
3 and threw him into the pit, and locked and sealed it over him, so that he would deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were ended. After that he must be let out for a little while.

So we see that the kingdom belongs to the Father but He is delighted to place His dearly beloved son Jesus on the throne to rule over the earth as king.

It is also His good pleasure to grant us His children a part in the kingdom as our inheritance, ruling with and under Christ the king.

As many scriptures detail, this is a wonderful righteous and just government for the benefit of all the earth’s inhabitants, ushering in universal peace, abundance and joy – living the way our God planned it from the very beginning.

All will be free from the bondage of Satan that currently besets mankind

The Kingdom of God Pt 2

In Part 1 we looked at WHAT the kingdom of God is, and WHY it is coming, using two of Kipling’s ‘honest serving men’. In this study we will continue and examine what the bible teaches about WHEN this will take place and HOW it will be brought about.

WHEN is the awaited kingdom of God to be ushered in?

This is a question that the disciples were always eager to know the answer to.

Did Jesus say his return to set up the kingdom would be heralded with a loud trumpet blast?

Matthew 24:30-31 NRSV
Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see “the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven’ with power and great glory.
31 And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Did Paul also describe this event?

2 Thessalonians 1:5-8 NRSV
This is evidence of the righteous judgment of God, and is intended to make you worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are also suffering.
6 For it is indeed just of God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,
7 and to give relief to the afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels
8 in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.

Notice in the scripture above who are granted rest and who are afflicted, particularly verse 8.

The kingdom of God was very real to the apostles and followers of Christ, and they keenly expected it’s arrival, but what were they told regarding timescales for this?

Acts 1:6-7 NRSV
So when they had come together, they asked him, “Lord, is this the time when you will restore the kingdom to Israel?”
7 He replied, “It is not for you to know the times or periods that the Father has set by his own authority.

Mark13:32-33 NRSV
“But about that day or hour no one knows, neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.
33 Beware, keep alert; for you do not know when the time will come.

Matthew 24:36 NRSV
“But about that day and hour no one knows, neither the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.

Were all the heros of faith still awaiting the promises, not yet having received their inheritance (the kingdom) – and still haven’t to this day?

Hebrews 11:39-40 NRSV
Yet all these, though they were commended for their faith, did not receive what was promised,
40 since God had provided something better so that they would not, apart from us, be made perfect.

When Jesus was preaching about the kingdom the people expected it to immediately appear, to correct their misunderstanding he told a parable about a nobleman receiving a kingdom. This was a picture of himself going to heaven to receive the kingly power from the Father and to return subsequently to reign as king over that kingdom:

Luke 19:11-12 NRSV
As they were listening to this, he went on to tell a parable, because he was near Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the kingdom of God was to appear immediately.
12 So he said, “A nobleman went to a distant country to get royal power for himself and then return.

Luke 19:15 NRSV
When he returned, having received royal power, he ordered these slaves, to whom he had given the money, to be summoned so that he might find out what they had gained by trading.

Was this spelled out more clearly in Acts?

Acts 3:17-22 NRSV
“And now, friends, I know that you acted in ignorance, as did also your rulers.
18 In this way God fulfilled what he had foretold through all the prophets, that his Messiah would suffer.
19 Repent therefore, and turn to God so that your sins may be wiped out,
20 so that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, and that he may send the Messiah appointed for you, that is, Jesus,
21 who must remain in heaven until the time of universal restoration that God announced long ago through his holy prophets.
22 Moses said, “The Lord your God will raise up for you from your own people a prophet like me. You must listen to whatever he tells you.

Notice that Christ will be in heaven UNTIL God’s time to establish all that the prophets foretold. Also that in the mean time we are to listen to all that he told us – to repent, believe and be made ready.

Although we are told that we cannot know the time of Christ’s return, we are given certain signs which will indicate to us that this event is close and imminent:

Luke 21:25-28 NRSV
“There will be signs in the sun, the moon, and the stars, and on the earth distress among nations confused by the roaring of the sea and the waves.
26 People will faint from fear and foreboding of what is coming upon the world, for the powers of the heavens will be shaken.
27 Then they will see “the Son of Man coming in a cloud’ with power and great glory.
28 Now when these things begin to take place, stand up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near.”

So we do not know exactly when to expect Christ’s return, however there are indicators we can look out for, but how will it happen when it does take place?

HOW will the kingdom of God be ushered in?

We are told that at the sound of a loud trumpet call (the signal for war) Christ will return in power and glory:

Matthew 24:30-31 NRSV
Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see “the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven’ with power and great glory.
31 And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Will he over throw the wicked with power when he comes the second time?

Isaiah 11:1-4 WEB
There shall come forth a shoot out of the stock of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots shall bear fruit.
11:2 The Spirit of Yahweh shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Yahweh.
11:3 His delight shall be in the fear of Yahweh; and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither decide after the hearing of his ears;
11:4 but with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and decide with equity for the humble of the earth; and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; and with the breath of his lips shall he kill the wicked.

Will he arrive on the Mount of Olives just outside Jerusalem, to fight the nations assembled in that area?

Zechariah 14:1-4 WEB
Behold, a day of Yahweh comes, when your spoil will be divided in your midst.
14:2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city will be taken, the houses rifled, and the women ravished. half of the city will go out into captivity, and the rest of the people will not be cut off from the city.
14:3 Then Yahweh will go out and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.
14:4 His feet will stand in that day on the Mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in two, from east to west, making a very great valley. Half of the mountain will move toward the north, and half of it toward the south.

Were the apostles told that Christ (Yahweh’s anointed agent through whom he carries out His plan) would return in the same way as he had gone (into the clouds on the Mount of Olives, out of the clouds arriving on the Mount of Olives)?

Acts 1:11-12 NRSV
They said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking up toward heaven? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven.”
12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a sabbath day’s journey away.

Will he destroy those who oppose God?

2 Thessalonians 2:8 NRSV
And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will destroy with the breath of his mouth, annihilating him by the manifestation of his coming.

Will all the kingdoms of the world become the kingdom of our God and of His Christ when this trumpet is blown?

Revelation 11:15 NRSV
Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah, and he will reign forever and ever.”

We have seen that God’s kingdom will be ushered in, with Christ as king, when he returns from heaven with all the power and glory given he by the Father.

He will overthrow the wicked and destroy those who fight against God’s government with overwhelming power, setting people free from Satan’s bondage and instituting the right conditions for the loving and righteous rule of God to deliver universal peace, prosperity and joy for all remaining mankind.

In the next study we will look at WHERE this will take place and WHO will be involved.

The Kingdom of God Pt 1

Some people believe the church is the kingdom of God, others that it is the ethical rule of God set up in ones heart. Some that it will come gradually by growth and development, whilst other’s believe it is waiting for us up in heaven. But what did Jesus and the apostles teach, and what does the bible say about the kingdom of God?

Those familiar with Rudyard Kipling’s writings may remember his ‘six honest serving men’:

“I keep six honest serving men, they taught me all I knew,
Their names are What and Why and When, and How and Where and Who,”

In this study we will utilize these ‘six serving men’ to find out what the scriptures say about the kingdom of God.

WHAT is the kingdom of God?

The first thing to recognise is that after almost six weeks of teaching about the kingdom of God by Jesus (between his resurrection and his ascension to heaven), the kingdom of God was very real to the apostles and they fully expected it’s arrival – Jesus did not correct them in this but only commented on the timescale involved:

Acts 1:3-6 NRSV
After his suffering he presented himself alive to them by many convincing proofs, appearing to them during forty days and speaking about the kingdom of God. 4 While staying with them, he ordered them not to leave Jerusalem, but to wait there for the promise of the Father. “This,” he said, “is what you have heard from me; 5 for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.” 6 So when they had come together, they asked him, “Lord, is this the time when you will restore the kingdom to Israel?”

The second thing to notice is that it is God himself (Yahweh) who gives kingdoms and rulership where He wills:

Daniel 2:37 WEB
You, O king, are king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

We see from the interpretation and explanation of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream in the second chapter of Daniel, that it concerns a succession of world governments or kingdoms:

Daniel 2:38-39 WEB
and wherever the children of men dwell, the animals of the field and the birds of the sky has he given into your hand, and has made you to rule over them all: you are the head of gold.
2:39 After you shall arise another kingdom inferior to you; and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.

Eventually the final world ruling system is brought down and replaced by a kingdom set up by God himself, which will never be destroyed – the kingdom of God:

Daniel 2:44 WEB
In the days of those kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed, nor shall the sovereignty of it be left to another people; but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever.

Is this interpretation from Yahweh God, and is it certain and sure to happen?

Daniel 2:45 WEB
Because you saw that a stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God has made known to the king what shall happen hereafter: and the dream is certain, and the interpretation of it sure.

Sometime later Daniel has a dream and visions, and again is given the meaning of it:

Daniel 7:2 WEB
Daniel spoke and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the sky broke forth on the great sea.

Daniel 7:16 WEB
I came near to one of those who stood by, and asked him the truth concerning all this. So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things.

This is also concerning these world ruling governments:

Daniel 7:17 WEB
These great animals, which are four, are four kings, who shall arise out of the earth.

Did it depict one like ‘the son of man’ (Jesus Messiah – this was his favourite term to refer to himself) receiving authority and a commission from Yahweh to rule as king of the kingdom of God over all the earth:

Daniel 7:13-14 WEB
I saw in the night-visions, and, behold, there came with the clouds of the sky one like a son of man, and he came even to the ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.
7:14 There was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

Did John the Baptist look forward to the coming of this kingdom and preach concerning it?

Matthew 3:1-3 NRSV
In those days John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness of Judea, proclaiming,
2 “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”
3 This is the one of whom the prophet Isaiah spoke when he said, “The voice of one crying out in the wilderness: “Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.’ “

Is this also what Jesus himself preached about?

Matthew 4:17 NRSV
From that time Jesus began to proclaim, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”

When questioned did Jesus tell Pilate that he was to become a king, but not of this present age/world, implying that it will be in the age/world to come later?

John 18:36 NRSV
Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not from this world. If my kingdom were from this world, my followers would be fighting to keep me from being handed over to the Jews. But as it is, my kingdom is not from here.”

Did Jesus also tell his disciples that he would rule in the new world or new age (referring to himself as the son of man)?

Matthew 19:27-28 NRSV
Then Peter said in reply, “Look, we have left everything and followed you. What then will we have?”
28 Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man is seated on the throne of his glory, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Does Paul also speak about this ‘world to come’?

Hebrews 2:5 NRSV
Now God did not subject the coming world, about which we are speaking, to angels.

Does Isaiah prophecy of this reign of Yahweh through His Messiah Jesus?

Isaiah 52:7 WEB
How beautiful on the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who publishes peace, who brings good news of good, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, Your God reigns!

Does the book of Revelation refer to the time when the kingdoms of this world become the kingdom of God and of His Christ (Messiah)?

Revelation 11:15 NRSV
Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah, and he will reign forever and ever.”

Does Jesus say that he has been given power from the Father to rule over the nations?

Revelation 2:26-27 NRSV
To everyone who conquers and continues to do my works to the end, I will give authority over the nations;
27 to rule them with an iron rod, as when clay pots are shattered—
28 even as I also received authority from my Father. To the one who conquers I will also give the morning star.

So we can now see that the kingdom of God is nothing less than the new world government of God (Yahweh, our Father) ruling over all the nations and peoples of the earth under the kingship of Jesus his Messiah.

In order to understand what makes this is necessary let’s use our next ‘serving man’ WHY.

WHY is the kingdom of God coming?

In the garden of Eden Adam and Eve effectively rejected God’s rule over them through unbelief and disobedience, instigated by Satan. They, and all mankind thereafter unwittingly came under the rule of Satan.

Is this confirmed in Ephesians, referring to Satan as ‘the prince of the power of the air’ (an unseen spirit being influencing all mankind without our knowing it)?

Ephesians 2:1-3 NRSV
You were dead through the trespasses and sins
2 in which you once lived, following the course of this world, following the ruler of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work among those who are disobedient.

Does Paul in the book of Romans say we are either slaves of sin (Satan) or of righteousness (God & Christ)?

Romans 6:16-19 NRSV
Do you not know that if you present yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, which leads to righteousness?
17 But thanks be to God that you, having once been slaves of sin, have become obedient from the heart to the form of teaching to which you were entrusted,
18 and that you, having been set free from sin, have become slaves of righteousness.
19 I am speaking in human terms because of your natural limitations. For just as you once presented your members as slaves to impurity and to greater and greater iniquity, so now present your members as slaves to righteousness for sanctification.

What does Jesus say about it?

John 8: 34 NRSV
Jesus answered them, “Very truly, I tell you, everyone who commits sin is a slave to sin.

Does Jesus identify who (generally) mankind’s current ‘father’ is, and that he influences them to carry out his desires?

John 8:44 NRSV
You are from your father the devil, and you choose to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.

Satan claimed to be able to give Christ all the kingdoms of the world, which he could not do unless he owned them – Christ did not deny this. In fact Satan holds the whole world in bondage, though few realise it.

Matthew 4:8-9 NRSV
Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor;
9 and he said to him, “All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me.”

Is the whole creation awaiting the kingdom of God and the children of God?

Romans 8:18-23 NRSV
I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory about to be revealed to us.
19 For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the children of God;
20 for the creation was subjected to futility, not of its own will but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope
21 that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to decay and will obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God.
22 We know that the whole creation has been groaning in labor pains until now;
23 and not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly while we wait for adoption, the redemption of our bodies.

Moses, sent by Yahweh to bring the children of Israel out of Egypt freeing them from bondage to Pharaoh, was a type of Christ being sent by the Father to free mankind from Satan’s bondage (you may like to look at Acts 7:35-37 and John 8:31-38).

This will happen dramatically and universally with the inauguration of the kingdom of God.

This has resulted in horrendous sufferings for all mankind – wars, famines, diseases, pestilences, death, to name but a few – and these will increase dramatically as the return of Christ approaches:

Matthew 24:6-8 NRSV
And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars; see that you are not alarmed; for this must take place, but the end is not yet.
7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places:
8 all this is but the beginning of the birth pangs.

People are lied to and led astray, and wickedness will increase:

Matthew 24:11-12 NRSV
And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray.
12 And because of the increase of lawlessness, the love of many will grow cold.

It will get so bad that all of mankind is in danger of be wiped out unless God intervenes to put an end to it:

Matthew 24:22 NRSV
And if those days had not been cut short, no one would be saved; but for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short.

But thankfully Yahweh God is merciful:

Ephesians 2:4 NRSV
But God, who is rich in mercy, out of the great love with which he loved us

Our God sends His Messiah son Jesus to put an end to Satan’s rule and man’s disobedience, and to usher in a new world government run according to Yahweh’s laws and love nature, to save mankind and to release us from Satan’s bondage and deception:

Matthew 19:28 NRSV
Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man is seated on the throne of his glory, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Revelation 20:1-3 NRSV
Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain.
2 He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years,
3 and threw him into the pit, and locked and sealed it over him, so that he would deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were ended. After that he must be let out for a little while.

The wicked will be subdued, and righteousness and peace will abound:

Isaiah 11:1-10 WEB
There shall come forth a shoot out of the stock of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots shall bear fruit.
11:2 The Spirit of Yahweh shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Yahweh.
11:3 His delight shall be in the fear of Yahweh; and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither decide after the hearing of his ears;
11:4 but with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and decide with equity for the humble of the earth; and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; and with the breath of his lips shall he kill the wicked.
11:5 Righteousness shall be the belt of his waist, and faithfulness the belt of his loins.
11:6 The wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fattened calf together; and a little child shall lead them.
11:7 The cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
11:8 The sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the adder’s den.
11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain; for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of Yahweh, as the waters cover the sea.
11:10 It shall happen in that day, that the root of Jesse, who stands for an ensign of the peoples, to him shall the nations seek; and his resting-place shall be glorious.

All will learn to worship the one true God, Yahweh:

Zechariah 14:16 WEB
It will happen that everyone who is left of all the nations that came against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, Yahweh of Hosts, and to keep the feast of tents.

Micah 4:1-4 WEB
But in the latter days, It will happen that the mountain of Yahweh’s temple will be established on the top of the mountains, And it will be exalted above the hills; And peoples will stream to it.
4:2 Many nations will go and say, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of Yahweh, And to the house of the God of Jacob; And he will teach us of his ways, And we will walk in his paths.” For out of Zion will go forth the law, And the word of Yahweh from Jerusalem;
4:3 And he will judge between many peoples, And will decide concerning strong nations afar off. They will beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, Neither will they learn war any more.
4:4 But they will sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; And no one will make them afraid: For the mouth of Yahweh of Hosts has spoken.

There will be universal peace, prosperity and blessings:

Isaiah 2:4 WEB
He will judge between the nations, And will decide concerning many peoples; And they shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning-hooks. Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war any more.

All this will fulfil the promises Yahweh made to Abraham – keeping His word perfectly:

Genesis 22:15-18 WEB
The angel of Yahweh called to Abraham a second time out of the sky,
22:16 and said, “I have sworn by myself, says Yahweh, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son,
22:17 that in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens, and as the sand which is on the seashore. Your seed will possess the gate of his enemies.
22:18 In your seed will all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.”

Galatians 3:16-18 NRSV
Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring; it does not say, “And to offsprings,” as of many; but it says, “And to your offspring,” that is, to one person, who is Christ.
17 My point is this: the law, which came four hundred thirty years later, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise.
18 For if the inheritance comes from the law, it no longer comes from the promise; but God granted it to Abraham through the promise.

So we start to see WHY it is necessary for Christ (Messiah) to return and introduce the government of Yahweh in the kingdom of God.

In the next study we will continue to use the ‘six serving men’ to examine the kingdom of God by looking at WHEN it will happen and HOW it will be brought about. The third study in the series will consider WHERE these things will take place and WHO will be involved.