Who is Jesus ?
When he was asked by Jesus, who did Peter say that Jesus was?
Matt 16:16 NASB
“Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.””
Peter equates ‘the Christ’ (Messiah) with ‘the son of the living God’. Did the high priest also equate the Messiah with being the son of God?
Matthew 26:63 NASB
“But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest said to Him, “I adjure You by the living God, that You tell us whether You are the Christ, the Son of God.””
Who did Martha say Jesus was?
John 11:27 NASB
“She said to Him, “Yes, Lord; I have believed that You are the Christ, the Son of God, even He who comes into the world.””
Did even the demons witness to who Jesus was?
Luke 4:41 NASB
“Demons also were coming out of many, shouting, “You are the Son of God!” But rebuking them, He would not allow them to speak, because they knew Him to be the Christ.”
Why were all the ‘signs that Jesus did’ recorded?
John 20:31 NASB
“but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.”
Did Jesus ever confirm that he was the Messiah?
John 4:24-25 NASB
“God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth” The woman said to Him, “I know that Messiah is coming (He who is called Christ); when that One comes, He will declare all things to us.””
In the Hebrew scriptures ‘the Messiah’ means ‘the anointed one’. In the New Testament ‘Messiah (Christ)’ and ‘son of God’ often appear together as synonymous titles, as we have seen in the examples above. Psalm 2 is an important scripture relating Yahweh’s anointed (Messiah), with ‘my son’ and also with ‘my king’, as we can see below:
Psalms 2 NJB
2:1 Why this uproar among the nations, this impotent muttering of the peoples?
2:2 Kings of the earth take up position, princes plot together against Yahweh and his anointed,
2:3 ‘Now let us break their fetters! Now let us throw off their bonds!’
2:4 He who is enthroned in the heavens laughs, Yahweh makes a mockery of them,
2:5 then in his anger rebukes them, in his rage he strikes them with terror.
2:6 ‘I myself have anointed my king on Zion my holy mountain.’
2:7 I will proclaim the decree of Yahweh: He said to me, ‘You are my son, today have I fathered you.
2:8 Ask of me, and I shall give you the nations as your birthright, the whole wide world as your possession.
2:9 With an iron sceptre you will break them, shatter them like so many pots.’
2:10 So now, you kings, come to your senses, you earthly rulers, learn your lesson!
2:11 In fear be submissive to Yahweh;
2:12 with trembling kiss his feet, lest he be angry and your way come to nothing, for his fury flares up in a moment. How blessed are all who take refuge in him!
This scripture is often referenced and quoted from by the New Testament writers showing this application to Jesus the Christ (Messiah).
Acts 4:25-28 quotes Psalms 2:1-2
“who by the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David Your servant, said, ‘WHY DID THE GENTILES RAGE, AND THE PEOPLES DEVISE FUTILE THINGS? ‘THE KINGS OF THE EARTH TOOK THEIR STAND, AND THE RULERS WERE GATHERED TOGETHER AGAINST THE LORD AND AGAINST HIS CHRIST.’ For truly in this city there were gathered together against Your holy servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, to do whatever Your hand and Your purpose predestined to occur.”
Revelation 11:18 NASB references Psalms 2:1
“And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond-servants the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.”
Acts 13:32-33 , Hebrews 1:5 and 5:5 quote Ps 2:7
Acts 13:32-33 NASB
“And we preach to you the good news of the promise made to the fathers, that God has fulfilled this promise to our children in that He raised up Jesus, as it is also written in the second Psalm, ‘YOU ARE MY SON; TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU.’”
Hebrews 1:5 NASB
“For to which of the angels did He ever say, “YOU ARE MY SON, TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU “? And again, “I WILL BE A FATHER TO HIM AND HE SHALL BE A SON TO ME “?”
Hebrews 5:5 NASB
“So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest, but He who said to Him, “YOU ARE MY SON, TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU “;”
Revelation 2:26-27 and 12:5 quote Psalms 2:8-9
Revelation 2:26-27 NASB
“He who overcomes, and he who keeps My deeds until the end, TO HIM I WILL GIVE AUTHORITY OVER THE NATIONS; AND HE SHALL RULE THEM WITH A ROD OF IRON, AS THE VESSELS OF THE POTTER ARE BROKEN TO PIECES, as I also have received authority from My Father;”
Revelation 12:5 NASB
“And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne.”
Revelation 19:15 quotes Ps 2:9
“From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty.”
Did the Father ever give testimony as to who Jesus is?
When he was baptised by John (again referenced to Ps 2:7)
Matthew 3:17 NASB
“and behold, a voice out of the heavens said, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased.””
At the transfiguration again, this time with an added instruction
Mark 9:7 NASB
“Then a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, “This is My beloved Son, listen to Him!“”
The Messiah is also referred to as ‘son of David’
Matthew 1:1 NASB
“The record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham:”
Matthew 22:42 NASB
“”What do you think about the Christ, whose son is He?” They said to Him, ” The son of David.“”
Were Peter and the other disciples inspired to clearly witness to Jesus being the Messiah on the day of Pentecost in Acts chapter 2? Particularly see verse 36.
Acts 2:36 NASB
“Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ-this Jesus whom you crucified.“”
From examining the scriptures above we have seen that Jesus was clearly identified as the Messiah (Christ), also referred to as ‘son of God’, ‘son of the living God’, and ‘son of David’. On two occasions a voice from heaven witnessed that ‘this is my beloved son’, the second time saying ‘listen to him’.
Next time we will look at what was expected of the Messiah.