How was Jesus the son of God?

Last time we saw that Jesus the Messiah (Christ) was prophesied to be a man, was born a man, died a man, was resurrected as a man, ascended to Yahweh’s throne as a man, is still a man, and will return at his second coming as a man. A very unique, perfect, sinless man, glorified and honoured by Yahweh, God our Father, above all others – but man nevertheless.
If Jesus is a man as the scriptures say, how can he be ‘son of God’?
Was there a specific moment in time when Jesus became Yahweh’s son – ‘son of God’?

Psalms 2:7 Lexham English Bible
I will tell the decree; Yahweh said to me: “You are my son; today I have begotten you.

Yahweh says ‘today’ I have ‘begotten’ you, the Hebrew word in Strong’s is No. 3205 and means ‘to bear, bring forth, beget, father’.

Was Mary told ahead of time how this would happen?

Luke 1:31-35 RSV
31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, 33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there will be no end.” 34 And Mary said to the angel, “How shall this be, since I have no husband?” 35 And the angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God.

Was Mary to ‘conceive in her womb’?

Verse 31 above.

Was this to be by ‘the power of the Most High’ – Yahweh God?

Verse 35 above.

Was this the very reason, ‘therefore’, that Jesus will be called ‘the son of God’?

Verse 35 above.

Was Jesus born like any other man, a human child?

Verse 35 above.

So we see that the primary and unique reason Jesus is ‘the son of God’ is because God miraculously conceived him in Mary’s womb, becoming his father in that process.

Was Adam also called ‘the son of God’, though not conceived by God in a woman’s womb, but created by God?

Luke 3:38 RSV
the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

There is also a secondary reason – that of ‘position’, or ‘agent’ of God, representing God with God’s authority in certain circumstances. This can be seen with others, and is therefore not unique.

Were the angels called ‘sons of God’?

Job 1:6 NJB
One day when the sons of God came to attend on Yahweh, among them came Satan

Job 38:7 RSV
when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Was Israel called ‘the son of God’?

Exodus 4:22-23 NJB
You will then say to Pharaoh, “This is what Yahweh says: Israel is my first-born son.
23  I told you: Let my son go and worship me; but since you refuse to let him go, well then! I shall put your first-born son to death

Ephraim was also called ‘son of God’.

Jeremiah 31:9 NRSV
With weeping they shall come, and with consolations I will lead them back, I will let them walk by brooks of water, in a straight path in which they shall not stumble; for I have become a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.

Jeremiah 31:20 NJB
Is Ephraim, then, so dear a son to me, a child so favoured, that whenever I mention him I remember him lovingly still? That is why I yearn for him, why I must take pity on him, Yahweh declares.

Was Solomon also called God’s son?

2 Samuel 7:14 RSV
I will be his father, and he shall be my son. When he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men;

1 Chronicles 28:6 RSV
He said to me, ‘It is Solomon your son who shall build my house and my courts, for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.

Are we not all called the children, or sons of God?

Romans 8:14 RSV
For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God.

Matthew 5:9 RSV
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.

1 John 3:1-2 RSV
1 See what love the Father has given us, that we should be called children of God; and so we are. The reason why the world does not know us is that it did not know him.
2Beloved, we are God’s children now; it does not yet appear what we shall be, but we know that when he appears we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.

Philippians 2:15 RSV
that you may be blameless and innocent, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world,

John 1:12 RSV
But to all who received him, who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God;

Galatians 3:26 RSV
for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith.

If we are true Christians with God’s spirit in us then we are God’s (Yahweh’s) children – not because we were physically conceived by God as Jesus was, but because of God’s spirit in us and our ‘position’ in Christ.

Was Jesus also declared to be ‘the son of God’ in power by his resurrection?

Romans 1:4 RSV
and designated Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,

Acts 13:33 RSV
this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus; as also it is written in the second psalm, ‘Thou art my Son, today I have begotten thee.

Hebrews 5:5 RSV
this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus; as also it is written in the second psalm, ‘Thou art my Son, today I have begotten thee.’

Please note that there were no capital letters in the original text ‘the Son of God’ and ‘Son’ are a choice of the translators.

Summary
We have seen that many are called sons of God in the scriptures – Adam who was created by God, angels also created by God, Solomon, Ephraim and the nation Israel because of their position as God’s agents with His authority in specific circumstances.
All true Christians are called sons or children of God, because of our position and relationship with Him.
However, Jesus is uniquely ‘the son of God’- conceived by Yahweh his Father in Mary’s womb, acting with God’s authority as His Messiah agent, and declared so with power by his resurrection.

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